Lesson 9: General Dining

French Vocabulary • Dining
Dining Diner
Places Actions and Feelings
la cuisine kitchen avoir faim to be hungry
la salle à manger dining room avoir soif to be thirsty
le restaurant restaurant manger to eat
Meals boire to drink
le repas the meal prendre to take
le petit-déjeuner breakfast vouloir to want
le déjeuner lunch mettre le couvert to set the table
le dîner dinner préparer un repas to prepare a meal
le goûter snack
Food Stores Quantity
la boucherie butcher shop 1 le gramme gram
la boulangerie bakery 2 le kilo(gramme) kilogran
le dépôt de pain a place that sells bread 2 le litre liter
la charcuterie delicatessen 3 la bouteille bottle 5
l’épicerie (f) grocery 4 la boîte can
la crémerie dairy store la livre pack, pound 6
la poissonnerie seafood store le paquet packet
le marché outdoor market le pot pot
la pâtisserie pastry shop

Canadian and Belgian French has an off-by-one behaviour with meals : breakfast is called déjeuner, lunch is called dîner and dinner is souper.

  1. French butchers do not sell pork, pork products, nor horsemeat. For these products, go to a charcuterie.
  2. In France, bakeries only sell fresh bread. Places where they sell bread that is not fresh are called dépôt de pain.
  3. Charcuteries’ sell things besides pork products, including pâte, salami, cold meats, salads, quiches and pizzas.
  4. An alternative to an ‘épicerie’ is an alimentation générale (a general foodstore).
  5. eille is pronounced ay
  6. Do not confuse with le livre (book).

Vouloir & Pouvoir

The verb vouloir is translated to to want. It is irregularly conjugated (it does not count as a regular -ir verb) as follows:

French Verb • Dining
vouloir to want
past participle – voulu
Singular Plural
first person je veux jeuh veuh I want nous voulons noo voolohn we want
second person tu veux too veuh you want vous voulez voo voolay you want
third person il veut eel veuh he wants ils veulent eel veuhl they want
(masc. or mized)
elle veut ell veuh she wants
on veut ohn veuh one wants elles veulent ell veuhl they want (fem.)

Pouvoir is conjugated in a similar manner:

French Verb • Dining
pouvoir to be able to
past participle – pu
Singular Plural
first person je peux jeuh peuh I can/am able to nous pouvons noo poovohn we can/are able to
second person tu peux too peuh you can/are able to vous pouvez voo poovay you can/are able to
third person il peut eel peuh he can/is able to ils peuvent eel peuhve they can/are able to
(masc. or mized)
elle peut ell peuh she can/is able to
on peut ohn peuh one can/is able to elles peuvent ell peuhve they can/are able to (fem.)

Dining at a Restaurant

arriver to arrive
la table occupée
la table libre
an occupied table
a free table
trouver to find
commander to order
déjeuner to eat lunch
dîner to dine
to eat dinner
désirer to desire
le serveur
la serveuse
waiter
waitresse
la carte menu
l’addition check
le pourboire tip
laisser to leave
je voudrais.. I would like…

Servir

French Verb • Dining
servir to serve
past participle: servi
Singular Plural
first person je sers jeuh sair I serve nous servons noo sairvohn we serve
second person tu sers too sair you serve vous servez voo sairvay you serve
third person il sert eel sair he serves ils servent eel sairve they serve
(masc. or mized)
elle sert ell sair she serves
on sert ohn sair one serves elles servent ell sairve they serve (fem.)

Ordering

-cer Verbs

-cer verbs are regular -er verbs, but are also stem changing. The most common -cer verb is commencer.

Formation

French Verb • Dining
commencer to begin
past participle – commencé
Singular Plural
first person je commence jeuh coe mahnce I begin nous commençons noo coe mahnsohn we begin
second person tu commences too coe mahnce you begin vous commencez voo coe mahnsay you begin
third person il commence eel coe mahnce he begins ils commencent eel coe mahnce they begin
(masc. or mized)
elle commence ell coe mahnce she begins
on commence ohn coe mahnce one begins elles commencent ell coe mahnce they begin (fem.)

Other -cer Verbs

  • effacer – to erase

Silverware, Etc.

le couvert cover
l’assiette (f) plate
le bol bowl
la soucoupe saucer
le couteau knife
la cuillère spoon
la fourchette fork
la serviette napkin
la nappe tablecloth
la tasse cup
le verre glass
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