Lesson 7: Rural Life

Suivre

French Verb • Rural life
suivre to follow
past participle: suivi
Singular Plural
first person je suis jeuh swee I follow nous suivons noo sweevohn we follow
second person tu suis too swee you follow vous suivez voo sweevay you follow
third person il suit eel swee he follows ils suivent eel sweeve they follow
(masc. or mized)
elle suit ell swee she follows
on suit ohn swee one follows elles suivent ell sweeve they follow (fem.)

Vivre

French Verb • Rural life
vivre to live
past participle: vécu [vaycoo]
Singular Plural
first person je vis jeuh vee I live nous vivons noo veevohn we live
second person tu vis too vee you live vous vivez voo veevay you live
third person il vit eel vee he lives ils vivent eel veeve they live
(masc. or mized)
elle vit ell vee she lives
on vit ohn vee one lives elles vivent ell veeve they live (fem.)

Naître

French Verb • Rural life
naître to be born
past participle: né(e)(s)1
Singular Plural
first person je nais jeuh nay I am born nous naissons noo nehssohn we are born
second person tu nais too nay you are born vous naissez voo nehssay you are born
third person il naît eel nay he is born ils naissent eel nesse they are born
(masc. or mized)
elle naît ell nay she is born
on naît ohn nay one is born elles naissent ell nesse they are born (fem.)

1 Naître is the only -aître verb that takes être as its helping verb (and therefore agrees with the subject as a past participle in perfect tenses).

Reflexive Verbs with Perfect Tenses

When proniminal verbs are conjugated in perfect tenses, être is used as the auxiliary verb.

Reflexive Verbs

In perfect tenses, the past participles agree with the direct object pronoun, but not the indirect object pronoun, in gender and plurality. Therefore it would only agree when the reflexive pronoun is the direct object. Also remember that the past participle does not agree with the direct object if it goes after the verb.

  • Elle s’est lavée. – She washed herself.
  • Nous nous sommes lavé(e)s. – We washed ourselves.
  • Elle s’est lavé les mains. – She washed her hands.
  • Nous nous sommes lavé les mains. – We washed our hands.

Reciprocal Verbs

  • Like reflexive verbs, the past participle of reciprocal verbs agrees in number and gender with the direct object if it goes before the verb. It therefore agrees with all reciprocal pronouns that function as direct objects.
  • Nous nous sommes aimé(e)s. – We liked each other.

The reciprocal pronoun can also function as an indirect object without a direct object pronoun.

  • Nous nous sommes parlé. – We spoke to each other.
  • Elles se sont téléphoné. – They called one another.
  • Vous vous êtes écrit souvent? – You wrote to each other often?

Naturally Pronominal Verbs

  • In perfect tenses, these verbs agree with the direct object if it goes before the verb. Otherwise, the past participle agrees with the subject.
  • Elle s’est souvenue. – She remembered.
  • Le chien se couche. – The dog lies down.

Note that assis(e)(es), the past participle of s’asseoir (to sit), does not change in the masculine plural form.

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