Lesson 7: Rural Life


French Verb • Rural life
suivre to follow
past participle: suivi
first personje suisjeuh sweeI follownous suivonsnoo sweevohnwe follow
second persontu suistoo sweeyou followvous suivezvoo sweevayyou follow
third personil suiteel sweehe followsils suiventeel sweevethey follow
(masc. or mized)
elle suitell sweeshe follows
on suitohn sweeone followselles suiventell sweevethey follow (fem.)


French Verb • Rural life
vivre to live
past participle: vécu [vaycoo]
first personje visjeuh veeI livenous vivonsnoo veevohnwe live
second persontu vistoo veeyou livevous vivezvoo veevayyou live
third personil viteel veehe livesils viventeel veevethey live
(masc. or mized)
elle vitell veeshe lives
on vitohn veeone liveselles viventell veevethey live (fem.)


French Verb • Rural life
naître to be born
past participle: né(e)(s)1
first personje naisjeuh nayI am bornnous naissonsnoo nehssohnwe are born
second persontu naistoo nayyou are bornvous naissezvoo nehssayyou are born
third personil naîteel nayhe is bornils naissenteel nessethey are born
(masc. or mized)
elle naîtell nayshe is born
on naîtohn nayone is bornelles naissentell nessethey are born (fem.)

1 Naître is the only -aître verb that takes être as its helping verb (and therefore agrees with the subject as a past participle in perfect tenses).

Reflexive Verbs with Perfect Tenses

When proniminal verbs are conjugated in perfect tenses, être is used as the auxiliary verb.

Reflexive Verbs

In perfect tenses, the past participles agree with the direct object pronoun, but not the indirect object pronoun, in gender and plurality. Therefore it would only agree when the reflexive pronoun is the direct object. Also remember that the past participle does not agree with the direct object if it goes after the verb.

  • Elle s’est lavée. – She washed herself.
  • Nous nous sommes lavé(e)s. – We washed ourselves.
  • Elle s’est lavé les mains. – She washed her hands.
  • Nous nous sommes lavé les mains. – We washed our hands.

Reciprocal Verbs

  • Like reflexive verbs, the past participle of reciprocal verbs agrees in number and gender with the direct object if it goes before the verb. It therefore agrees with all reciprocal pronouns that function as direct objects.
  • Nous nous sommes aimé(e)s. – We liked each other.

The reciprocal pronoun can also function as an indirect object without a direct object pronoun.

  • Nous nous sommes parlé. – We spoke to each other.
  • Elles se sont téléphoné. – They called one another.
  • Vous vous êtes écrit souvent? – You wrote to each other often?

Naturally Pronominal Verbs

  • In perfect tenses, these verbs agree with the direct object if it goes before the verb. Otherwise, the past participle agrees with the subject.
  • Elle s’est souvenue. – She remembered.
  • Le chien se couche. – The dog lies down.

Note that assis(e)(es), the past participle of s’asseoir (to sit), does not change in the masculine plural form.

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