Lesson 4: Going out

À and De

The preposition à can indicate a destination, a location, a characteristic, measurement, a point in time, purpose, and several other things which will be covered later.
When le follows à, the à and le combine into au. Similarly, à and les combine into aux.
The preposition de can indicate an origin, contents, possession, cause, manner, and several other things which will be covered later.
When le follows de, the de and le combine into du. Similarly, de and les combine into des.

Leisure Activites

Les loisirs refers to leisure activities.

le cinéma cinema
la musique music
le baladeur walkman
une sortie going out
un spectacle a show
le théâtre the theater
le repos rest
le vacancier a vacationer
la danse dance
allumer/éteindre to turn on/turn off
la télévision television
le(la) téléspectateur(trice) television
viewer
le sport sport

Partir & Sortir

French Verb • Present Indicative
partir to leave
(past participle – parti(e)(s))
Singular Plural
first person je pars jeuh pahr I leave nous partons noo partoh we leave
second person tu pars too pahr you leave vous partez voo pahrtay you leave
third person il part eel pahr he leaves ils partent eel part they leave
(masc. or mixed)
elle part ell pahr she leaves
on part oh pahr one leaves elles partent ell part they leave (fem.)
French Verb • Present Indicative
sortir to go out, to take out
(past participle – sorti(e)(s))
Singular Plural
first person je sors jeuh sore I go out nous sortons noo sortoh we go out
second person tu sors too sore you go out vous sortez voo sortay you go out
third person il sort eel sore he goes out ils sortent eel sort they go out
(masc. or mixed)
elle sort ell sore she goes out
on sort oh sore one goes out elles sortent ell sort they go out (fem.)

Some other verbs use sortir and partir as stems.

  • repartir – to set out again
  • répartir – to distribute

Movies

French Vocabulary • Going out
Movies Les films
General
le film (domestique) (en vidéo)
le film (étranger) (en DVD)
(domestic) movie (on video)
(foreign) movie (on DVD)
V.O. (Version originale)
les sous-titres
unaltered
sub-titles
l’acteur (m)
l’actrice (f)
actor
actress
la vidéo
le DVD
video
DVD
louer to rent
The Movie Theater Film Genres
le cinéma the (movie) theater le dessin animé cartoon
la salle du cinéma theater showing room
lit: room of the the theater
le documentaire documentary
la séance showing le film d’amour love story
le guichet ticket window le film d’aventures adventure movie
la place
le fauteuil
seat/place to sit
chair1
le film d’horreur horror film
coûter to cost le film policier police film
jouer to play le film de science-fiction sci-fi film
  • 1Un fauteuil is the physical chair that one sits on. One would normally use “une place” whenever “a seat” is used in English.
    • Prenez place ! – Take a seat! (very common expression. No article before place, you should not say Prenez la place)

Les films sont fascinants! Allez-vous au cinéma? Pourquoi? Vous aimez les films? Pour demander quels films jouent au cinéma, on dit Qu’est-ce qui joue au cinéma? . On achète les places au guichet, où l’employé(e) les vend. On entre dans la salle du cinéma pour regarder un film. Quel est votre genre de film préféré? Louez-vous des vidéos? des DVDs?.

-enir verbs

  • -enir verbs are irregularly conjugated (they do not count as regular -ir verbs).

Venir

  • The most common -enir verb is venir.
  • The verb venir is translated to to come.
  • When it means to come from, venir is used with the preposition de.
    • Nous venons du stade.
  • You can also use venir with a verb to state that you have recently accomplished an action. **Je viens de finir mes devoirs (I’ve just finished my homework).

Formation

In the present indicative, venir (and all other -enir verbs) are conjuagted as follows:

French Verb • Present Indicative
venir to come
(past participle – venu(e)(s))
Singular Plural
first person je viens jeuh vee ehn I come nous venons noo venn oh we come
second person tu viens too vee ehn you come vous venez voo vennay you come
third person il vient eel vee ehn he comes ils viennent eel vee ehn they come
(masc. or mixed)
elle vient ell vee ehn she comes
on vient oh vee ehn one comes elles viennent ell vee ehn they come (fem.)

Other -enir Verbs

  • revenir – to come back, to return
  • devenir – to become
  • appartenir – to belong
  • contenir – to contain
  • détenir – to keep, to detain
  • retenir – to retain
  • se souvenir – to remember
  • soutenir – to support
  • tenir – to hold

xer Verbs

xer verbs are regular -er verbs, but are also stem changing.

Formation

French Verb • Present Indicative
suggérer to suggest
(past participle – suggéré)
Singular Plural
first person je suggère jeuh soo zjair I suggest nous suggérons noo soo zjairoh we suggest
second person tu suggères too soo zjair you suggest vous suggérez voo soo zjairay you suggest
third person il suggère eel soo zjair he suggests ils suggèrent eel soo zjair they suggest
(masc. or mixed)
elle suggère ell soo zjair she suggests
on suggère oh soo zjair one suggests elles suggèrent ell soo zjair they suggest (fem.)

Other -éxer Verbs

  • accélérer – to accelerate
  • célébrer – to celebrate
  • espérer – to hope
  • oblitérer – to obliterate
  • préférer – to prefer
  • sécher – to dry

Directions

Sometimes when you go out, you may get lost, or come across someone who is lost. This should help you ask for and give directions.

  • Pardonnez-moi/Excusez-moi, mademoiselle/madame/monsieur. – Excuse me, Miss/Mrs/Mr.
  • Je suis perdu. – I am lost.
  • Je cherche… – I’m looking for…
    • La poste – the post office
    • La gare – the train station
    • Le supermarché – the supermarket
    • Le stade – the football stadium
    • Le camping – the camping grounds
    • La plage – the beach
    • Le parc – the park
  • Vous prenez… – You take…
    • la première rue – the first street
    • à gauche – to the left
    • à droite – to the right
    • tout droit – straight ahead
  • Merci beaucoup! – Thanks so much!
  • De rien. – It was nothing/No worries.
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