Lesson 7: Weather

Standard Negation

In order to say that one did not do something, the ne … pas construction must be used. The ne is placed before the verb, while the pas is placed after.

Formation and Rules

  • Simple negation is done by wrapping ne…pas around the verb.
    • Je ne vole pas. – I do not steal.
  • In a perfect tense, ne…pas wraps around the auxillary verb, not the participle.
    • Je n’ai pas volé. – I have not stolen.
  • When an infinitive and conjugated verb are together, ne…pas usually wraps around the conjugated verb.
    • Je ne veux pas voler. – I do not want to steal.
  • ne pas can also go directly in front of the infinitive for a different meaning.
    • Je veux ne pas voler. – I want not to steal.
  • ne goes before any pronoun relating to the verb it affects.
    • Je ne le vole pas. – I am not stealing it.

Examples

French Grammar • Weather
Negation Formation Examples Exemples de formation de négation
Il est avocat.
Il n’est pas avocat.
He is [a] lawyer.
He is not [a] lawyer.
Nous faisons nos devoirs.
Nous ne faisons pas nos devoirs.
We are doing our homework.
We are not doing our homework.
Je joue du piano.
Je ne joue pas du piano.
I play the piano.
I do not play the piano.
Vous vendez votre voiture.
Vous ne vendez pas votre voiture.
You sell your car.
You do not sell your car.

Negation of Indefinite Articles

The indefinite articles un, une, and des change to de (or d’) when negating a sentence.

  • J’ai un livre. – I have a book.
  • Je n’ai pas de livre. – I don’t have any book.
  • J’ai des livres. – I have some books.
  • Je n’ai pas de livres. – I don’t have any books.

Examples

Il est belge..
Il n’est pas belge.
He is Belgian.
He is not Belgian.
Nous lisons un livre.
Nous ne lisons pas de livre.
We read a book.
We do not read a book.
Je mange une cerise.
Je ne mange pas de cerise.
I eat a cherry.
I do not eat a cherry.

Contractions

Contractions have been discussed previously in the form of elision. They are a combination of two or more consecutive words that have been integrated into the language, for example, aujourd’hui.
A common contraction occurs with the words à (at) and de (from), when combined with the definite pronouns le and les. The definate pronoun la remains in full form.

  • à + le = au
  • à + les = aux
  • de + le = du
  • de + les = des

The contractions do not occur with the la, or with any contracted pronoun:

  • à + la = à la
  • à + l’ = à l’
  • de + la = de la
  • de + l’ = de l’

Weather – Le temps

French Vocabulary • Weather
Weather Le temps
General Cloudy Weather
le soleil sun le nuage
Il y a des nuages.
cloud
It’s cloudy.
lit: There are some clouds.
le ciel sky nuageux(-euse) cloudy
couvert(e)(s) overcast, lit: covered
Warm Weather l’éclaircie (f) clearing, break (in clouds)
Il fait beau It’s nice. Cold and Windy Weather
Il fait chaud. It’s warm. Il fait froid. It’s cold.
Le ciel est dégagé.
Le ciel se dégage.
The sky is clear.
lit: The sky is freed.
The sky is clearing up.
le vent
Il fait du vent.
Le vent souffle.
wind
It’s windy.
The wind blows.
Le soleil brille. The sun is shining. la rafale gust of wind
Rainy Weather Snowy Weather
la brume fog, haze, mist l’hiver (m) winter
le brouillard fog la neige
Il neige.
snow
It’s snowing.
la bruine drizzle la grêle
Il tombe de la grêle.
hail
It’s hailing.
lit: It falls of the hail.
une goutte de pluie a drop of rain Extreme weather
la pluie
La pluie tombe.
rain
The rain falls.
un orage
orageux(-euse)
Il y a un orage!
a storm
stormy
There’s a storm!
Il pleut.
il a plu.
Il va pleuvoir.
It’s raining.
It rained.
It’s going to rain.
l’éclair (m)
la foudre
flash (of lightning)
lightning
pluvieux(-euse)
Le temps est pluvieux.
rainy
It’s raining.
lit: The weather is rainy.
la tempête storm, tempest
de gros nuages noirs. large black clouds agité(e)(s) stormy, agitated
l’averse (f) downpour le tonnerre thunder

Le temps means both the weather and the time.

Aller

The verb aller is translated to to go. It is irregularly conjugated (it does not count as a regular -er verb).

Formation

In the present indicative, aller is conjugated as follows:

French Verb • Weather
aller to go
Singular Plural
first person je vais jeuh vay I go nouszallons nouzah lohn we go
second person tu vas too vah you go vouszallez vouzah lay you go
third person il va eel vah he goes ils vont eel vohn they go
(masc. or mixed)
elle va ell vah she goes
on va ohn vah one goes elles vont ell vohn they go (fem.)

Usage

There is no present progressive tense in French, so aller in the present indicative is used to express both I go and I am going.
Aller must be used with a place and cannot stand alone.
The preposition à, meaning in, at, or to, is used, followed by the place.

  • Tu vas a l’école? – You’re going to school.

Remember that à le contracts to au and à les contracts to aux.

  • Je vais au stade. – I’m going to the stadium.

Instead of a preposition and place, you can use the pronoun y, meaning there. Y comes before the verb. Remember that aller must be used with a place (there or a name) when indicating that you are going somewhere, even if a place wouldn’t normally be given in English.

  • J’y vais. – I’m going there.
  • Tu y vas. – You’re going there.
  • Nous y allons. – We’re going there.

The negative form of aller with the y pronoun has both the verb and pronoun enclosed between ne and pas.

  • Il n’y va pas. – He’s not going there.

Futur Proche

The structure aller + infinitive is used to say that something is going to happen in the near future.

  • Il va pleuvoir demain. – It’s going to rain tomorrow.
  • Il va faire froid. – It’s going to be cold.

Remember that the negative goes around the conjugated verb.

  • Il ne va pas pleuvoir demain. – It’s not going to rain tomorrow.

Idioms

  • Allons-y – ahlonzee – Let’s go! (impératif)
  • Ça va? – How are you? (lit: It goes?)
  • On y va! – Let’s get going!
  • On y va? – Should we go?

Liaison

Usually, whenever a vowel sound comes after …ons or …ez, the usually unpronounced s and z change to a sharp z sound and link to the next syllable. (This process is called liaison.) However, since allons and allez begins with vowels, nous allons is pronounced nyoozahloh and vous allez is pronounced voozahlay. In order to have a pleasing and clean sound, two liaisons should not go consecutively. There is therefore no liaison in allons à when it comes right after nous and allez à when it comes after vous.

  • In the phrase Vous allez à l’école?, vous allez à is pronounced vouzahlay ah.
  • In the phrase vous et Marie allez à l’école?”, allez à is pronounced ahlayzah.
Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap